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  1. Historical Context 1 item
    This subject is not a history of events from ancient Greece to early modern Europe. However, if you are unfamiliar with the context of an author, you are advised to familiarise yourself with the basic historical background.
    1. A Brief History of the Western World - Thomas H. Greer, Gavin Lewis 2003

      Book Recommended

  2. Histories of History 5 items
    1. A history of histories: epic, chronicles, romances and inquiries from Herodotus and Thucydides to the twentieth century - J. W. Burrow 2007

      Book Required This is the prescribed book for the subject. It traverses every historian in the western traditions, across every age. Burrow's book explores the motivations of historians and the audiences for their histories. He asks this focus question, "What did people in the past find interesting in their past, and why did they?" You will be able to use Burrow most weeks as background reading, and he will help you get started on all your writing. If you look at his lines of argument, if you look at the passages in the historians he discusses, and if you peruse the secondary studies he cites, you will be well on the way to producing quality work. Burrow is your jumping off point.

    2. The Oxford history of historical writing - D. R. Woolf, Andrew Feldherr, Grant Hardy, Axel Schneider 2011-2012

      Book  This five volume set offers the best place to start a research project. The arrangement is chronological, each volume covering a few centuries of historical writing. If you want to know more about an historian, an historian's agenda or genre, and about the audiences for history, you could start with this reference work. Top experts write about 10 pages each, and they suggest quality scholarly readings to follow up, and they cite and discuss key passages in the historical works. All these elements will help you craft a quality essay.

    3. Fifty Key Works of History and Historiography - Kenneth R R Stunkel 2012

      Book 

    4. Faces of history: historical inquiry from Herodotus to Herder - Donald R. Kelley 1998

      Book Required This is the first volume of a three volume set written by Donald R. Kelley. It is a history of history writing. It is therefore a parallel account to our set text by John Burrow. You could use to contrast with Burrow. This first volume covers the long period of history writing in Europe between ancient Greece and the dawn of the nineteenth century.

    5. Historiography: ancient, medieval, & modern - Ernst Breisach 2007

      Book 

  3. Scholarly studies on the History and Politics of the Writing of History (the Geschichtsschreibung in German) 7 items
    1. The politics of historiography* - J. G. A. Pocock 02/2005

      Article  John Pocock's sophisticated essay is a challenging read. He thinks the archiving and narrating associated with political life has always necessitated the writing of histories, and the construing of contexts for narratives. He thinks the onset of Christianity changed people's views of the role of Fortune (Tyche, Fortuna) in their lives.

    2. Two Varieties of Historical Writing - Ihor Sevcenko 1969

      Article  A renowned historian of Byzantium, Ihor Shevchenko, contrasts two kinds of historians: the small-scope caterpillars (best before 1450) and the big-picture butterflies (best after 1450).

    3. Futures Past - Koselleck, Reinhart Tribe, Keith Tribe, Keith 2005

      Book  Reinhard Koselleck is a renowned German scholar of historiography and the philosophy of history. In the famous article in chapter 2 of this collection, Koselleck considers the long shadow cast by classical models of history and its fixed model of human nature. He is considering the classical heritage of historia magistra vitae, to use Cicero's phrase, meaning that history was conceived as a [masculine] model for the study of public life.

    4. The Predicament of Writing Political History: The Challenge of the Tacit - Adrian Jones 03/2016

      Article  By examining three eras of historical writing, Adrian Jones explores how political historians who were also political insiders often distrusted the structural analyses favoured by "experts". The non-expert "insider" accounts emphasise contingencies of chance and context. They also focus on what political participants presumed.

    5. A history of the history essay: heritages, habits and hindrances - Adrian Jones

      Article  Adrian Jones discusses the history of the literary form that is the history essay, and why it became so influential in the education of advanced students of history.

    6. Regimes of historicity: presentism and experiences of time - François Hartog, Saskia Brown 2015

      Book  Francois Hartog is one of the leading philosophers of the writing of history in the world today. His thinking has influenced this subject. He trained as a historian of Greece and Rome. This work linked to here was first published in French in 2003. It explores how present presumptions and conditions of possibility ("presentisms") shape the fields of experience and the horizons of anticipation and of meaning which "construct" histories. Hartog is influenced by Reinhard Koselleck's "Futures Past" and by Paul Ricoeur. In one later book, Hartog examines the history of notions of evidence. There is no constancy in the groundrules for the things people think might be obvious! In another later book, Hartog examines whether we can still believe thing historians claim.

    7. Making Up Lost Time: Writing on the Writing of History - Nancy F. Partner 01/1986

      Article  A medieval historian discusses key theories and assumptions that underpin historical narratives.

  4. General Guides to Historiography 191 items
    1. Ancient Historiography in General 158 items
      1. The Oxford history of historical writing - D. R. Woolf, Andrew Feldherr, Grant Hardy, Axel Schneider 2011-2012

        Book  The first volume of this set of volumes offers accomplished essays on all aspects of the first millenium of ancient historical writing, from 600 BCE to 600 CE. Unlike most of other books it also discusses Chinese, Persian, Central Asian, Indian and Meso-American traditions of historiography.

      2. Ancient Historians: A Student Handbook - Susan Sorek 2012

        Book  Basic and introductory, but a good reference guide.

      3. Greek historiography - Simon Hornblower 1996

        Book  Simon Hornblower's collection of essays begins with a long and perceptive survey of the treatment of sources in Greek historiography, and concludes with a study of the ways Thucydides narrates events and stories. Peter Derow writes well about Polybius

      4. The Cambridge Companion to the Roman Historians - Andrew Feldherr 2012

        Book 

      5. The limits of historiography: genre and narrative in ancient historical texts - Christina Shuttleworth Kraus 1999

        Book Required Important collection which looks at how historiography intersects with other genres. Includes studies of non-Greek and Roman historians alongside Rood on Thucydides, Jaeger on Livy, Kraus on Sallust, Marincola on genre and convention, Katherine Clarke on universal historiography and an epilogue by Pelling drawing it all together.

      6. Ancient Historiography and Its Contexts: Studies in Honour of A. J. Woodman - Christina Shuttleworth Kraus, John Marincola, C. B. R. Pelling 2010 (electronic resource)

        Book  Four sections by notable classicists, broadly focussing on ancient historians, rhetoric, history in other ancient genres and (Woodman's speciality) Tacitus.

      7. History as text: the writing of ancient history - Averil Cameron 1989, c1988

        Book  Fine studies here on the ways histories came to be written and the effects of audiences for histories.

      8. The Art of Safe Criticism in Greece and Rome - Frederick Ahl 22/1984

        Article  A perceptive study of the rhetorical foundations of notions of "authority" in classical literature and historiography. When and how could one criticise those in power... and stay alive?

      9. The nature of history in ancient Greece and Rome - Charles W. Fornara c1983

        Book  Superb and comprehensive study of every ancient historian.

      10. EKPHRASIS AND QUOTATION - Carlo GINZBURG 1988

        Article  One of the greatest of the Italian historians, Carlo Ginzburg, reflects on the foundations, in ancient philosophy and in ancient studies of rhetoric, of the key notion in histories, ancient and modern, of making truth claims and of having a subject matter that is "real".

      11. A Companion to Greek and Roman Historiography - John Marincola, Ebook Library 2010 (electronic resource)

        Book  A key reference work on Greek and Roman historiography: short-ish articles, with references to follow up in books and scholarly periodicals.

      12. The moral and political tradition of Rome - Donald C. Earl 1967

        Book  Donald Earl analyses the elite values of the Roman Senatorial class, the values informing so many Greco-Roman historians.

      13. Rethinking revolutions through ancient Greece - Simon Goldhill, Robin Osborne 2006

        Book  Carolyn Dewald's perceptive chapter 7 in this collection re-considers the development of Greek historiography as a kind of "revolutionary" development in ancient Greek.

      14. Rhetoric in Classical Historiography: Four Studies - A.J. Woodman 1988

        Book  A fine study of the ways Thucydides, Cicero, Sallust, Livy and Tacitus used rhetoric to establish themselves as authoritative.

      15. Scholarly studies on Herodotus 5 items
        1. Historical Answers to Historical Questions: The Origins of History in Ancient Greece - Meier, Christian Spring 1987

          Article  Christian Meier ponders how the questions Herodotus asked shaped his answers.

        2. The historian's craft in the age of Herodotus - Nino Luraghi 2007

          Book  A great collection of essays on Herodotus and his era: Oswyn Murray touching on Herodotus as an oral historian, Lucio Bertelli on Hecateus of Miletus, and Robert Foster on early readers and reading.

        3. Brill's Companion to the Reception of Herodotus in Antiquity and Beyond - Jessica Priestley, Vasiliki Zali 2016

          Book  Essays on many of the ancient and later historians, all in relation to Herodotus - a useful volume for our subject

      16. Scholarly studies on Thucydides 6 items
        1. Brill's Companion to Thucydides - Antonios Rengakos, Antonis Tsakmakis 2006

          Book 

        2. Thucydides and the philosophical origins of history - Darien Shanske 2007

          Book  A sophisticated contemporary analysis of Thucydides and the ways his concepts were affected by the Greek theatre and philosophy of his era.

        3. Thucydides Mythistoricus (Routledge Revivals) - Cornford, F. M. 2014

          Book  Francis Cornford's study astounded in 1907 by pointing to the influence of ancient Greek medical concepts and theatre on Thucydides. A great work in the history of history.

        4. What Was Wrong with Minos? Thucydides and Historical Time - Bernard Williams 05/2001

          Article  Philosopher Bernard Williams explores the concepts of time in the writings of Thucydides.

        5. A commentary on Thucydides - Simon Hornblower 1991-2008

          Book  This three-volume commentary on every aspect of Thucydides is a key reference work. It can be compared fruitfully to an older commentary by A.W. Gomme.

        6. Thucydides - Simon Hornblower 1987

          Book 

      17. Scholarly studies on Polybius 5 items
        1. Polybius' Histories - B. C McGing 2010

          Book 

        2. Polybius - F. W. Walbank 1990, c1972

          Book Required

        3. Imperialism, Cultural Politics, and Polybius - Christopher Smith, Liv Mariah Yarrow 2012 (electronic resource)

          Book Required

        4. The Cambridge Companion to the Roman Historians - Andrew Feldherr 2012

          Book 

      18. Scholarly studies on Sallust 3 items
        1. Sallust - Ronald Syme, Ronald Mellor 2002

          Book 

        2. The Cambridge Companion to the Roman Historians - Andrew Feldherr 2012

          Book 

      19. Scholarly studies on Julius Caesar as his own historian, and as subject of histories 7 items
        1. A Companion to Julius Caesar - Miriam Griffin 2015

          Book 

        2. Caesar in Gaul and Rome: War in Words - Andrew M Riggsby 2006

          Book 

        3. Julius Caesar and His Public Image - Zvi Yavetz 1983

          Book Required

      20. Scholarly studies on Livy and other Historians of the Age of Augustus 6 items
        1. Res gestae divi Augusti: the achievements of the divine Augustus - P. A. Brunt, J. M. Moore, Augustus 1990, c1967

          Book  In the last decade of the reign of the Emperor Augustus, he arranged for a huge inscription to be erected to record the values achievements of his political life, The inscription survived in Ancyra (Ankara) in the Roman province of Asia (Turkish Anatolia).

        2. Livy: Reconstructing Early Rome - Gary B. Miles 1997

          Book 

        3. Livy's Written Rome - Mary Jaeger 2009

          Book 

        4. A Companion to Livy - Bernard Mineo 2014

          Book 

        5. The Cambridge Companion to the Roman Historians - Andrew Feldherr 2012

          Book 

      21. Plutarch of Chaeronea: biographer in parallel of Greek and Roman elite men 5 items
        1. Plutarch's method of work in the Roman Lives. - C. B. R. Pelling 11/1979

          Article  Analysing the greatest of the ancient biographers, Pelling reconstructs Plutarch's methods of researching and writing with care and skill.

        2. Plutarch and History: Eighteen studies - Christopher Pelling 2011 (electronic resource)

          Book Required

        3. Plutarch - Robert Lamberton 2002

          Book 

      22. Scholarly studies on Suetonius lives of the Julio-Claudian Roman Emperors 3 items
        1. The Arts of Suetonius: An Introduction - Richard C Lounsbury 1987

          Book 

        2. Suetonius - Andrew Wallace-Hadrill 1998

          Book 

      23. Scholarly studies on Tacitus 11 items
        1. Ten studies in Tacitus - Ronald Syme 1970

          Book  New Zealand-born Sir Ronald Syme was one of the greatest historians of the ancient world. His expertise focussed on Roman politics and on Tacitus.

        2. Roman papers - Ronald Syme, E. Badian, Anthony Richard Birley 1979-

          Book  In this multi-volume of essays of Sir Ronald Syme about Tacitus, vol. 3, ch. 73 analyses how Tacitus wrote the Annals, vol. 6, ch. 10 explores Tacitus' life and career. Syme also wrote a special essay about Thucydides in vol. 6. ch.14.

        3. Tacitus - Ronald Syme 1963

          Book 

        4. Tacitus - Ronald Mellor 1993

          Book 

        5. The moral and political tradition of Rome - Donald C. Earl 1967

          Book  A fine study of the elite masculine values of the Senatorial class in Rome, the values which inform most Roman histories and historians.

        6. The world of Tacitus - Donald R. Dudley 1968

          Book 

        7. Tragedy, rhetoric, and the historiography of Tacitus' Annales - Francesca Santoro L'Hoir c2006

          Book Required

        8. A most dangerous book: Tacitus's Germania from the Roman Empire to the Third Reich - Christopher B. Krebs 2012

          Book Required

        9. The Cambridge Companion to the Roman Historians - Andrew Feldherr 2012

          Book 

      24. Dio Cassius (or Cassius Dio!) 3 items
        1. A Study of Cassius Dio - Fergus Millar 1964

          Book Required

      25. The First Christian Historian: Eusebius of Caesarea 3 items
        1. Constantine and Eusebius - Timothy David Barnes 1981

          Book 

        2. Eusebius of Caesarea - D. S. Wallace-Hadrill 1960

          Book 

        3. Sacred Founders - Angelova, Diliana N. 2010

          Book 

      26. Ammianus Marcellinus and Other Histories and Historians of Late-Antiquity 5 items
        1. History and historians in late antiquity - Brian Croke, Alanna Emmett 1983

          Book 

        2. The historians of late antiquity - David Rohrbacher 2002

          Book 

        3. The Cambridge Companion to the Roman Historians - Andrew Feldherr 2012

          Book 

      27. Barbarian-era Roman historians, C5th to C8th 7 items
        Consider the Latin histories written with regret and treating of ruin: the Romano-Frankish monk Gregrory of Tours (538-94) account of the Iberian peninsula (Spain and Portugal) and southern France (the pays d'Oc) under the domination of the Vandals and the Goths, or the Latin account of the origin and rule of the Goths by Jordanes, a Christian Goth working in a high post in Byzantine Constantinople. The great Anglo-Saxon historian, Bede stands out, with a quite different voice.
        1. Gregory of Tours: the Merovingians - Alexander C. Murray, Gregory 2006

          Book 

        2. The Oxford dictionary of Byzantium - A. P. Kazhdan, Oxford Reference Library 1991 (electronic resource)

          Book 

      28. Byzantine Historians of the Sixth Century 6 items
        Consider Procopius of Caearea and John Malalas.
        1. Procopius and the sixth century - Averil Cameron c1985

          Book 

        2. Procopius of Caesarea: tyranny, history, and philosophy at the end of antiquity - Anthony Kaldellis 2004

          Book  Procopius of Caesarea's astounding and salacious Secret History of the sixth-century era of the Emperor Justinian and Theodora is one of the most enigmatic works of history ever written, He also contradicted other works he had written.

        3. The chronicle of John Malalas: a translation - John Malalas, Elizabeth Jeffreys, Michael Jeffreys, Roger Scott 1986

          Book  A late C6th and early C7th chronicler, who dutifully followed the established line -- unless the genre-bender and much more powerful figure, Procopius of Caesarea.

        4. Private and Public Lies: The Discourse of Despotism and Deceit in the Graeco-Roman World - Andrew J. Turner, James H. Kim, On Chong-Gossard 2010 (electronic resource)

          Book  Amelia Brown wrote a fine essay in this collection on lies and deceptions in ancient culture. Her focus was on the example of Procopius of Caesarea.

      29. Islamic Historiography in the Age of the (Sunni Arab) Caliphates, C6th to C13th, and in (Shia) Persia (Iran) 7 items
        1. Historians of the Middle East - Bernard Lewis, P. M. Holt 1962

          Book  This four-volume study takes a wider chronological view of historical writing. The fourth volume is about historical writing under and about Islam, traversing Arabic, Persian, Ottoman, Syriac, Levantine and Armenian, Byzantine, Renaissance Italian and Russian historical writing about the realms of Islam, attempting the cover the period between the C12th and C20th.

        2. Islamic historiography - Chase F. Robinson 2003

          Book 

        3. The calligraphic state: textual domination and history in a Muslim society - Brinkley Morris Messick c1993

          Book  A superb study of interplay between a recitative education and historical writing. Written history becomes an instrument of legitimation and indeed cultural domination.

        4. The meadows of gold: the Abbasids - Paul Lunde, Caroline Stone, Masʻūdī 1989

          Book  A major work of C10th historian Mas'udi, historian of the Ummayyad caliphate.

        5. The illustrations to the World history of Rashid al-Din - David Talbot Rice, Basil Gray, Rashīd al-Dīn Ṭabīb c1976

          Book 

        6. The successors of Genghis Khan - Rashīd al-Dīn Ṭabīb 1971

          Book 

        7. The World history of Rashid al-Din: a study of the Royal Asiatic Society manuscript - Basil Gray, Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland 1978

          Book  Rashid al-Din Tabib (1247-1318) is the greatest historian in the Persian (Islamic Shia) tradition. Like Polybius, Rashid was a universal historian. For Polybius, the cause of his interest in universal history was the encounter of Greece with Rome and Cathage. For Rashid, it was the encounter of Persia with Arabia, Syria and the Mongols and Turks of Central Asia.

      30. Historians of the Medieval West 7 items
        1. Two lives of Charlemagne - Lewis G. M. Thorpe, Einhard, Notker 1969

          Book  Two historical biographies of the C9th Holy Roman Emperor, Charlemagne, by his sober counsellor courtier, Einhard, and a generation later, and in an more anecdotal style, by a monk, Notker the Stammerer.

        2. Oxford History of Historical Writing 2012

          Book  A great reference work to start your research on a particular historian or a particular historiographical issue. It will suggest further scholarly readings as well.

        3. Medieval theory of authorship: scholastic literary attitudes in the later Middle Ages - A. J. Minnis 1987, c1984

          Book  The key figure lying behind medieval theories of authorship was the C5th Greek intellectual, Aristotle, and especially his "On Interpretation", book 9 (chapters 18b to 19b) and book 14 (chapter 23a). The medieval transmitter and applier of these ideas of authorship was Nicholas of Lyra in Normandy (ca 1270-1349), who taught at the Sorbonne in Paris from 1309.

        4. Medieval literary theory and criticism, c.1100-c.1375: the commentary tradition - A. J. Minnis, A. Brian Scott, David Wallace 1988

          Book 

        5. Historians in the Middle Ages - Beryl Smalley 1974

          Book 

      31. Historians of Medieval Russia 8 items
        History writing in the Riurikid kingdom of Rus' was some of the most advanced in Europe, The Rus' were Orthodox in religion since 988. As soon as the C11th, the Slav-Viking (Varangian) ruling dynasty was eager to understand their place in the world. They were shaped by Byzantine values and traditions, but they were also exposed to Roman Catholic crusader threats from Teutonic knights re-located to the shores of the Baltic after the fall of Jerusalem in 1187 and to Tatar-Turkic-Mongol steppe-warrior threats and traditions.
        1. The Don Carlos theme - Frederick W. C. Lieder, Samuel Hazard Cross, Nestor 1930

          Book  This chronicle was written in Kiev around 1110 CE. It is attributed to the Orthodox monk, "Nestor". It survived in only two key copies, dating from the C14th and C15th. Focus either on the account of the era of the foundation of the Rus' state, the so-called "Call to the Varangians" (end of C10th) or on the era of Iaroslav the Wise.

        2. The Poveštʹ vremennykh lět: an interlinear collation and paradosis - Horace G. Lunt, Donald G. Ostrowski, David J. Birnbaum, Harvard Ukrainian Research Institute c2003

          Book 

        3. The origin of Rus': Volume One: Old Scandinavian sources other than the sagas - Omeljan Pritsak 1981

          Book  The first chapter outlines Pritsak's arguments as a whole, before he plunges into consider the Varangian sources.

        4. The emergence of Rus: 750-1200 - Simon Franklin, Jonathan Shepard 1996

          Book 

        5. Drevni͡ai͡a Rusʹ i Skandinavii͡a: izbrannye trudy - E. A. Melʹnikova, G. V. Glazyrina, T. N. Dzhakson 2011

          Book 

        6. Predposylki i puti obrazovanii︠a︡ Drevnerusskogo gosudarstva - Institut vseobshcheĭ istorii (Rossīĭskai͡a akademīi͡a nauk), Universitet Dmitrii︠a︡ Pozharskogo 2015

          Book 

        7. Drevni͡ai͡a Rusʹ v srednevekovom mire: ėnt͡siklopedii͡a - Institut vseobshcheĭ istorii (Rossiĭskai͡a akademii͡a nauk) 2014

          Book 

      32. Arab and Christian Crusader Historians of the Era of the Crusades 4 items
        1. Chronicles of the Crusades - Geoffroi de Villehardouin, Jean Joinville, Margaret R. B. Shaw, Geoffroi de Villehardouin 1963

          Book 

      33. The Greatest Islamic Universal Historian: Ibn Khaldun of Andalucian Spain and Mameluk Cairo 6 items
        1. The Muqaddimah: an introduction to history - Ibn Khaldūn 1958

          Book  This is a major work of history and of the philosophy (or meaning) of history, published in Cairo in 1388. Overlooked by the Arabs, it was admired by the Ottomans. Like Polybius, Ibn Khaldun wrote "universal history", which meant that both were convinced all human histories followed a discernible pattern, and all were influenced by geography.

        2. Ibn Khaldun and Islamic ideology - Bruce B. Lawrence 1984

          Book  Cornell Fleischer's essay in this work discusses Ibn Khaldun's theory of history as going in cycles.

        3. Ibn Khaldun's Critique of the Theory of al-Siyâsah al-Madaniyyah - Şenol Korkut 01/08/2008

          Article  A study of the methods and concepts of Ibn Khaldun.

        4. The Possibilities of New Perspectives for Social Sciences: An Analysis Based on Ibn Khaldun's Theory of Umrân - Lütfi Sunar, Faruk Yaslıçimen 01/08/2008

          Article  Another study of Ibn Khaldun's concepts, with a focus on their ongoing vitality for renewal of Islam.

      34. Late-Byzantine Historians 5 items
        1. Fourteen Byzantine rulers: the 'Chronographia' of Michael Psellus - Michael Psellus, E. R. A. Sewter, E. R. A. Sewter 1979

          Book  The C11th historian Michael Psellus surveys the decline and corruption of Byzantine civilization.

        2. The histories - Laonikos Chalkokondylēs, Laonikos Chalkokondylēs, Laonikos Chalkokondylēs, Anthony Kaldellis 2014

          Book  Laonikos Chalkokondyles (ca 1430-90) was born in Athens, lived in Byzantine Greece and Constantinople, even after the Ottoman conquest of Constantinople (1453). Chalkokondyles had first-hand knowledge of the Ottomans, and he was as interested in their rise as he was intrigued by the sources of Byzantine decline. He thought of himself as a new Herodotus, only his Persians were Ottoman, and his Greeks were hopelessly ineffectual.

        3. The Middle Byzantine Historians - Warren Treadgold, SpringerLink (Online service) 2013 (electronic resource)

          Book 

      35. Historians of the Norman-Plantagenet World: England and Normandy in the C11th to C12th 9 items
        The new Norman kingdom of England, seized in 1066 by William the Bastard, the Duke of Normandy, had a lively interest in History, whether invented or real, and both in Normandy itself prior to the conquest (Dudo of St Quentin) and thereafter (Geoffrey of Monmouth, William of Malmesbury, Oderic Vitalis, Henry of Huntingdon). Leah Shopkow's study in the Baillieu Library of the University of Melbourne is also important: "History and Community: Norman Historical Writing in the Eleventh and Twelfth Centuries".
        1. Memory and Myths of the Norman Conquest - Siobhan Brownlie 2013 (electronic resource)

          Book 

        2. From Memory to Written Record: England 1066 - 1307 - M. T. Clanchy, Ebook Library 2012 (electronic resource)

          Book 

        3. Historiography in the Middle Ages - Deborah Mauskopf Deliyannis 2003

          Book  Norbert Keskin's chapter 6 discusses the historians of the Normans.

        4. Concepts of national identity in the Middle Ages - Alan V. Murray, Simon Forde, Lesley Johnson 1995

          Book  John Gillingham's chapter on Henry of Huntingdon in this collection is a superb essay.

        5. The murder of Charles the Good - James Bruce Ross, Galbert, Medieval Academy of America c1982

          Book  Biography and History: Galbert was a notary in the Flemish town of Bruges. When the Count of Flanders, Charles the Good (r. 1119-27), was murdered in Bruges on 2 March 1127, Galbert wrote a rare document in 1127-28 reporting on the assassination, its contexts and its impact on Bruges, the prosperous medieval Flemish trading town and county. It was a major work of history.

        6. The Cambridge history of the book in Britain : Vol. II, 1100 -1400 - Rodney M Thomson, Nigel J Morgan 2008

          Chapter  Geoffrey Martin and Rodney M. Thompson chapter 16: "History and History Books" in Britain, ca 1100 to 1500.

      36. Late-Medieval Monarchies and the Cities & Duchies resisting them: Histories of Flanders, Burgundy and France 8 items
        1. Chronicles - Jean Froissart, Geoffrey Brereton 1968

          Book 

        2. Froissart: chronicler and poet - Frederick Sidney Shears 1930

          Book 

        3. Froissart: historian - J. J. N. Palmer 1981

          Book 

        4. Memoirs: The reign of Louis XI, 1461-83 - Philippe de Commynes, Michael Jones 1972

          Book  Biography and History: Commynes is a diplomat and political insider. He is fascinated by questions of honour, character and judgment, as he traces the great rivalry between France and Burgundy, and the complications with affairs in Flanders, England (during the Wars of the Roses), Switzerland, Castille, Aragon and Italy. His story is the steady revival of France, under the prudent rule of Louis XI, and his contrast is with the rask policies pursued by Duke Charles of Burgundy. Commynes knew them both, having working for them both.

        5. The murder of Charles the Good - James Bruce Ross, Galbert, Medieval Academy of America c1982

          Book  Biography and History: Galbert was a notary in the Flemish town of Bruges. When the Count of Flanders, Charles the Good (r. 1119-27), was murdered in Bruges on 2 March 1127, Galbert wrote a rare document in 1127-28 reporting on the assassination, its contexts and its impact on Bruges, the prosperous medieval Flemish trading town and county. It was a major work of history.

      37. Ottoman and Mughal Historiography 15 items
        If you love India, or if you want a contrast with the history writing of Julius Caesar, consider Wheeler Thackston's translation of the greatest Mughal account of the Mughal conquest and conqueror: the Baburnama, an autobiographical account of the conquest of India by the conqueror himself, Babur. His History of his conquest of India was written in Persianized Chagatai (Central Asian) Turkic. Four eras of Ottoman historiography are possible to analyse in English-language sources: 1. the "Dawn of Empire" era of Mehmed the Conqueror, late-C15th. 2. the "Golden Age" era during, mid-to-late C16th 3. the "Beginnings of Anxiety about Decline" in the era of Mustafa Ali of Gallipoli, late C16th, 4. the "Deepening of Anxiety about Decline" in the era of Mustafa Naima of Aleppo, late C17th.
        1. Ottoman history through the eyes of Aşıkpaşazade - Lale Özdemir 2013

          Book  A study of the first phase of Ottoman historiography, by Asikpasazade, writing towards the end of the fifteenth century.

        2. TURSUN BEG, HISTORIAN OF MEHMED THE CONQUEROR'S TIME - Halil İnalcık 1977

          Article  A study of the first phase of Ottoman historiography -- by Tursun Bey, an Ottoman notable -- writing towards the end of the fifteenth century.

        3. History of Mehmed the Conqueror - Charles T. Riggs, Kritovoulos 1954

          Book  Another study of the first phase of Ottoman historiography -- by a Greek intellectual, Kritovouolos -- writing towards the end of the fifteenth century.

        4. The history of Mehmed the Conqueror - Tursun Beg 1978

          Book  Hyperlink the National library copy of Tursun Bey's History of Mehmed the Conqueror, which you can order on Inter-Library loan.

        5. Süleymanname: the illustrated history of Süleyman the Magnificent - Esin Atıl, Arifi, Arif Celebi c1986

          Book  A great Ottoman visual history of an Imperial Celebration in the early C18th.

        6. Writing History at the Ottoman Court 2013

          Book  A collection of essays on aspects of Ottoman historiography in the so-called "classical age" in the sixteenth- and seventeenth-centuries.

        7. Picturing history at the Ottoman court - Emine Fetvacı c2013

          Book  A fascinating and visually rich study of Ottoman illuminated historical writing and painting, as they emerged in the last half of the C16th through to the early part of the C18th.

        8. Süleymân the Second and his time - Halil İnalcık, Cemal Kafadar c1993

          Book  Cemal Kafadar's chapter in this scholarly collection discusses Ottoman nostalgia and historical consciousness of a "golden age" under Suleyman the Magnificent.

        9. Legitimizing the Order - Karateke, Hakan T. Reinkowski, Maurus 2005

          Book  Christine Woodhead's essay in this scholarly collection examines Ottoman historians responded to the demands of Ottoman state power in the late sixteenth-century.

        10. Bureaucrat and intellectual in the Ottoman Empire: the historian Mustafa Âli (1541-1600) - Cornell H. Fleischer 1986

          Book  A great study of a master Ottoman historian and public official, Mustafa Ali of Gallipoli (1541-1600)

        11. Mustafā Ali's Counsel for sultans of 1581: edition, translation, notes - Mustafa bin Ahmet Âlî, Andreas Tietze 1979-1982

          Book 

        12. Annals of the Turkish Empire from 1591 to 1659 of the Christian era: vol.1 - Mustafa Naima, Charles Fraser 1832

          Book  A great Ottoman historian at the end of the C17th, Mustafa Naima of Aleppo, discusses beginnings of Ottoman decline, which he traces to the beginning of the C17th.

        13. A study of Naima - Lewis V. Thomas 1972

          Book 

        14. The Baburnama: memoirs of Babur, prince and emperor - W. M. Thackston, Babur, Freer Gallery of Art 1996

          Book  The Central Asian (Chagatay Turkic) warrior chief Babur (1483-1530) was the great conqueror of India. He founded the Mughal Empire in India, an empire which lasted till British conquest of the late eighteenth century. Like Julius Caesar, he also wrote in the last years of the 1520s his own version of history: the Baburnama. Like Niccolo Machiavelli, he analysed politics, religion and power with real skill.

    2. Early-Modern (Renaissance and Reformation) Historiography 14 items
      1. On the donation of Constantine - Lorenzo Valla, G. W. Bowersock 2008

        Book  This is one of the greatest feats of historical analysis of the Renaissance era. The Florentine Humanist intellectual, Lorenzo Valla (1407-57), debunked in 1439-40 a major "historical" document purporting to justify the temporal power of the Popes. He used his mastery of Latin rhetoric and philology to prove that the purported fourth-century document was an eighth-century forgery. Source-criticsm (Quellenkritik) was born.

      2. History of Italy: and History of Florence - Francesco Guicciardini, Cecil Grayson, J. R. Hale, Francesco Guicciardini 1964

        Book  A Florentine who had served as a diplomat in Aragon in Spain and then as a governor for the Popes of different regions in central Italy, Francesco Guicciardini (1483-1540) was the first historian to view Italy as a whole, and not to be captured by the perspective of a single Republic or Duchy. He also emphasised official documents of state, interpreting them from multiple points of view.

      3. The discourses - Niccolò Machiavelli, Leslie J. Walker, Bernard R. Crick 1983

        Book  The renowned Florentine political theorist, Niccolo Machiavelli (1469-1527) re-read Livy's History of Rome and used it to write "Discourses" (1517) to try to refine and re-define what politics and history meant in Renaissance Italy.

      4. History of the Florentine people - Leonardo Bruni, James Hankins 2001-2007

        Book  This History of Florence was commissioned by the Grand Councillors of the Republic of Florence from a great Florentine intellectual who was also a Councillor, Leonardo Bruni (1370-1444). They wanted an accurate portrayal of the history of Florence, and he also gave them a distinctly un-miraculous, critical and secular point of view.

      5. The Oxford History of Historical Writing. Volume III: 1400-1800, ed. Jose Rabasa, Masayuki Sato, Edoardo Tortarolo and Daniel Woolf - L. Kontler 01/04/2014

        Article  The third of this five-volume series deals with historical writing between the years 1400 and 1800. All aspects are discussed: the historians, their agendas, and their audiences, no matter the continent or the culture. This is fine place to begin the study of an historian.

      6. In search of Florentine civic humanism: essays on the transition from medieval to modern thought - Hans Baron c1988

        Book  Samuel Baron's superb essays traverse most aspects of historical writing, and the audiences for historical writing, in the era of the Italian Renaissance. Works by Leonardo Bruni and Niccolo Machiavelli are some of his main foci.

      7. The development of Florentine humanist historiography in the fifteenth century - Donald J. Willcox 1969

        Book  The focus here is on Florence: Leondardo Bruni and Poggio Bracciolini.

      8. What was history?: the art of history in early modern Europe - Anthony Grafton 2012

        Book  A startling survey of the audience and agendas of historical writing in early-modern Europe, focusing mainly on England, France, and the German and Italian states.

      9. The writing of history and the study of law - Donald R. Kelley 1997

        Book  In chapter 2, Donald Kelley analyses how Tacitus' Germania was read in the Renaissance and Reformation eras.

      10. Foundations of modern historical scholarship: language, law and history in the French Renaissance - Donald R. Kelley 1970

        Book  This fine study traverses the sixteenth-century French Renaissance contexts for legal and philological analysis which shaped a "Historicist" mindset emphasising (p. 4): "humanity, individuality, pluralism, relativism and mutability... that cast of mind which... turns not to nature but to the world of man's making; which seeks out not the typical, but the unique; which emphasises the variety, rather than the uniformity of human nature; which is interested less in similarities than in differences; and which is impressed not with permance, but with change".

      11. Chronicling history: chroniclers and historians in medieval and Renaissance Italy - Sharon Dale, Alison Williams Lewin, Duane J. Osheim c2007

        Book  A fine collection of essays about Italian Medieval and Renaissance historians and chroniclers: both the talented and the humdrum, and traversing more regions than just Tuscany.

    3. Historiography in Muscovy (Old Russia) in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries 4 items
      1. Prince A. M. Kurbsky's History of Ivan IV - Andreĭ Mikhaĭlovich Kurbskiĭ 1965

        Book  This history of Ivan the Terrible purports to be written in the late C16th by Prince Andrei Mikhailovich Kurbskii, a man who betrayed his Tsar. It may be a C17th forgery. Either way, it is the first work of History written in Russian.

      2. The Kurbskii-Groznyi apocrypha: the seventeenth-century genesis of the "correspondence" attributed to Prince A. M. Kurbskii and Tsar Ivan IV - Edward L. Keenan 1971

        Book  Keenan makes a detailed argument that Kurbskii's History of Ivan IV and his Correspondence with Ivan IV are not C16th works, but C17th forgeries.

      3. Edward Keenan and the Kurbskii-Groznyi Correspondence in Hindsight - Charles J. Halperin 1998

        Article  Halperin's critique of Keenan's controversial views.

    4. Links between Studies of Geography and History 1 item
      1. Between geography and history: Hellenistic constructions of the Roman world - Katherine Clarke 1999

        Book  Focusing of Polybius and Strabo, Katherine Clarke discusses the close relationship between studies of geography and studies of history in ancient writings.

    5. Links between Studies of Law and History 4 items
      Law and history are both archival and narrative. If you are studying Law, there is the possibility of studying how students of laws (especially common law and customary law) and students of histories have affected and reflected each other in a particular era of history.
      1. The writing of history and the study of law - Donald R. Kelley 1997

        Book  See especially the essays in Part Three.

      2. The human measure : social thought in the western legal tradition

        Article  This is Donald Kelley's masterly survey of every era of legal history and of their relationships to the writing of histories, from ancient times to the twentieth century.

    6. Eighteenth- and Nineteenth-century historiography 9 items
      The age of Gibbon and Montesquieu, and then of Leopold von Ranke, Reinhold Niebuhr and German Historicism (Historismus). Baiser explains what is meant by "Historicism" on p. 2 as a recognition that: "everything in the human world -- culture, values, institutions, practices, rationality -- is made by history, so that nothing has an external form, permanent essence or constant identity which transcends historical change". Some of the great sociologists and philosophers responded with respect and criticism to German Historicism: among them Georg Simmel, Max Weber, Wilhelm Dilthey, Edmund Husserl, Martin Heidegger. Others like Geoffrey Elton and Arthur Marwick continued to defend it well into the twentieth century!
      1. Eighteenth Century Collections Online   Full Citation

        Webpage  One of the leading intellectuals and lawyers in eighteenth-century France, Baron Charles de Montesquieu, established his reputation in 1734 with an analysis of the decline of Rome. Judith Shklar's study of Montesquieu analyses his historical analysis in ch. 3.

      2. The decline and fall of the Roman Empire - Edward Gibbon 1910

        Book  Volume 1 (published in 1776) of the famous "History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire" by Edward Gibbon (1737-84) is the focus, renowned for its wit and dazzling prose, its attention to the sources, its eulogy of the age of the Antonines, and its famous vol. 1, ch. 14 (scandalously blaming Christianity for the decline of Rome). Gibbon was also picking up on many themes discussed earlier by Montesquieu. When you compare Gibbon's magisterial history with his various attempts at writing memoirs, published posthumously, you derive a vivid portrait of this extraordinary English MP, who never uttered a word in Parliament, who loved Italy, and who preferred to live in France and Switzerland.

      3. Edward Gibbon: making history - Roy Porter 1988

        Book 

      4. Style in history - Peter Gay 1975

        Book  A master of the study of modern historical writing, Peter Gay, assesses the great modern historians: Gibbon, Ranke, Burckhardt and Macaulay.

      5. Fortunes of history: historical inquiry from Herder to Huizinga - Donald R. Kelley c2003

        Book  This is the second volume of Donald Kelley's 3-volume history of histories. It deals with western European historiography in the period between the late-eighteenth and early-twentienth centuries, the period of the formation of modern academic forms of historical writing.

      6. The German Historicist Tradition - Frederick C. Beiser 24/11/2011

        Book  Baiser's study traverses the full C18th and C19th development of German Historicism, still the foundation for modern academic historiography. An important earlier work by Friedrich Meinecke (1936) only traversed the C18th origins.

      7. The discovery of historicity in German idealism and historism - Peter Koslowski 2005

        Book  Helmut Berding's essay in this collection discusses Leopold von Ranke's aspiration always to derive, unlike Hegel, the general from the particular, and to aim at objectivity.

      8. Theory and Practice of History: Edited with an introduction by Georg G. Iggers - Leopold von Ranke, Georg G. Iggers 2010 (electronic resource)

        Book  Historiographer of Historicism, Georg Iggers's key collection of translations from history texts by Leopold von Ranke (1795-1885) that touch on matters of method and meaning in history.

      9. The secret of world history: selected writings on the art and science of history - Leopold von Ranke, Roger Wines 1981

        Book  Historiographer of Historicism, Roger Wines's key collection of translations from history texts by Leopold von Ranke (1795-1885) that touch on matters of method and meaning in history.

    7. Twentieth-century historiography 1 item
      1. Frontiers of history: historical inquiry in the twentieth century - Donald R. Kelley 2006

        Book  This third volume of Donald Kelley's 3-volume history of histories discusses twentieth-century developments.

  5. The Cambridge history of the book in Britain : Vol. II, 1100 -1400 - Rodney M Thomson, Nigel J Morgan 2008

    Chapter  Geoffrey Martin and Rodney M. Thompson chapter 16, pp. 397-415: "History and History Books" in Britain, ca 1100 to 1500.